In addition to the Multidisciplinary Priority Areas, the central challenges and potential of all the districts of Leipzig must be considered and harnessed for the sustainable growth of the city. By considering all the statistical districts, INSEK Leipzig 2030 focuses on districts more strongly than before. This makes it clear to residents what development priorities exist in their immediate neighbourhood until 2030.
In order to set out an active, positive development goal for the 63 statistical districts, they were divided into four categories based on their growth dynamics, the associated density, and their existing infrastructure: Shaping Growth Now, Planing Growth Proactivelly, Developing Qualities Further and Preserving Qualities.
The district categories are underpinned with medium to long-term action strategies, which are available for each district (only in german). These action strategies must be taken into account when developing priorities in Sectoral Plans and medium-term investment plans. If necessary, the use of subsidies should be enabled.
These districts are appreciated by many people for their urban quality of life. They are becoming more densely populated and vacant parcels are few and far between. Furthermore, the availability of low-priced housing is also limited. Most of these districts have a lack of open spaces and are characterized by strong overheating. The remaining vacant plots are subject to strong competition.
In these districts, the infrastructure and amenities urgently need to be adapted to the growing needs - not only by means of construction and safe guarding land, but also through the more efficient utilization and networking of infrastructure and services in social and sociocultural fields. The environmental and open space qualities in the neighbourhoods must be preserved and improved as much as possible. Smart solutions are needed to deal with the growing volume of traffic. The multiple, multifunctional use of public buildings and open spaces has an important role to play.
Shaping Growth now
These districts are currently characterized by high demand for housing and dynamic growth. Although vacant parcels are still available for various needs, they are subject to strong competition. Some districts already have a lack of open spaces which will only worsen an construction continues. Low-priced housing is growing scarce. There is a largely medium need for social action, although in some areas it is high.
These districts require a coordinated landstrategy in which, in addition to building sites for housing, attention is devoted to a balanced mix of uses, the protection, development and networking of open spaces to support dual inner-city development, the protection of inner-city business parks, the quality and intensity of land use, and the social mix. As vacant parcels are developed, sites for social infrastructure and opputunities for the development of open spaces must be secured. Once again, an important role needs to be played by the multiple use of buildings and open spaces.
Planning Growth proactively
These areas have hitherto been less in demand as residential districts. However, due to their good infrastructure or their planned good public transport connections and vacant parcels, they offer scope for focused infill building, land consolidation and urban expansion. Moreover, there is mostly good availability of open spaces. These districts are large estates or even areas with heterogeneous usage structures between the inner-city fin-de-siècle neighbourhoods and the outskirts.
These districts requiere multidisciplinary stragegies early on setting out the target groups and uses for which vacant parcels are to be developed as well as the instruments to be used. In the case of new buildings, the resulting needs in terms of social infrastructure, open spaces, and technical and transport infrastructure must be taken into consideration, along with the effects on public transport, local shops and services, and the ecological impact. Action must be based on the principles of integrated neighbourhood development.
Developing Qualities further
These districts are historically evolved areas with an above-average proportion of detached houses. They have infrastructure shortcomings, including with respect to public transport, local shops and services and social infrastructure. Following strong growth in the 1990s, lately the population has only increased slightly, if at all. Land is available for infill projects and to augment existing built-up areas as well an on brownfield sites.
In these districts, development is to be strengthened and the infrastructure and amenities augmented as required. A careful balance needs to be struck between the demand-based expansion of amenities, the utilization of existing infrastructure, and the structural development of each district, for example by means of land consolidation and the expansion of building land for housing. Central to this is the multiple use of public buildings, for example for use by associations, societies and the general public, as well as support for activities providing a sense of identity organized by, say, local history societies, churches and public initiatives. In future, more attention must be paid to the transition from the outskirts to the countryside. At the same time, the functions, talents and burdens of districts relevant to the whole city (for example the presence of business parks) must be considered.