Instruments for Redevelopment
Classic land use planning only plays a subordinate role in the process of urban redevelopment in Leipzig. Far more important are an extensive cooperation between public authorities and private initiatives, the development of flexible concepts, and the controlled use of public resources. This has allowed Leipzig to adapt quickly to changing market conditions.
The City of Leipzig engages residents and businesses in a number of ways. In addition to conventional publication material, public displays and exhibitions of land use, zoning and other plans allow the public to inform itself and take part in discussions regarding the plans. This is also, of course, a way for the City to learn from residents as well.
The City also maintains close working relationships with many other cities, both within Germany and abroad. Through the European Union program, LC-FACIL, Leipzig coordinates and shares information, knowledge and experiences with seven other European cities in an effort to implement the Leipzig Charter for integrated, sustainable urban development, which was signed in 2007.
There must be room for creativity alongside traditional land use planning and zoning. Innovative approaches and integrated neighbourhood development in Leipzig include the following:
Preservation and Retention Strategies
Retain, renovate and refurbish buildings in the historic Gründerzeit belt surrounding the city centre as much as possible. This strategy must also correspond with the economic redevelopment of these areas.
Clearly designate areas for conservation and redevelopment.
The Building Security Programme started in 2005, the programme prioritised the top 20 most endangered Gründerzeit buildings that could still be redeveloped as the first priority to a larger programme. Of the 20 buildings on the initial list, 14 were successfully rehabilitated. In December 2006 the list of buildings was expanded by 37, and in 2008 it added another 19 as the Priority List 2A. In 2010, the Office of the Mayor added 60 more buildings to the list. As of 2010, €3.6 million have been made available for the programme.
Promote residential ownership with the website Selbstnutzer.
Temporary use of certain buildings, for example with the Wächterhäuser program (Guard Houses) to preserve the urban development and historically significant buildings on main thoroughfares.
Redevelop derelict areas of the city and neighbourhoods with high levels of vacancy in order to retain current residents, while providing sufficient city services, and facilitate new move-ins.
Construct large neighbourhood parks. Between 1999 and 2007, 32 ha (approximately 80 acres) of greenspace were added to the city's park system.
Temporary use of vacant land for open spaces through the use of "permission agreements," whereby the owners in effect lease their land to the City for a designated period of time, usually 10 years, and the City benefits from more public open space. Through this program, 17 ha (42 acres) have been constructed throughout the city.
Selective deconstruction of residential buildings. Approximately 70 percent of the deconstructed units have been in large GDR-era residential estates such as Grünau, Lößnig, Mockau, Schönefeld-Ost and Paunsdorf. Other sites of deconstruction in the old neighbourhoods include areas of the near east and west sides, Schönefeld, Möckern/Wahren and some areas on the edge of the city.
Designation and protection of water corridors, such as the Karl-Heine Canal in the Plagwitz neighbourhood.
Integrated Neighborhood development
Strengthening of neighbourhood centres and main thoroughfares, discussed in the "District Centres" section.
Neighbourhood-based employment support, as well as support for the creative economy and small- to medium-sized business.
New construction or restoration of daycares and schools, and strengthening district-related education networks.
District and neighbourhood management plans.
Continued public participation through neighbourhood forums and work groups